Alexandra Kruse, Institute for Research on European Agricultural Landscapes (European Culture expressed in Agricultural Landscapes - EUCALAND), France,
Hans Renes, EUCALAND (European Culture Expressed in Agricultural Landscapes), The Netherlands,
Maurizia Sigura, EUCALAND (European Culture Expressed in Agricultural Landscapes), Italy & University of Udine

Keywords: Mountain landscapes, agriculture, tourism, conservation, multiple use

Mountain landscapes have proved to be sustainable and resilient, particularly because they could adapt to ever new functions. In the course of time, farmers have managed to survive by product innovation and by finding new markets. Nowadays the situation is different, as the landscape is no longer only a result of human activities but also an aim in itself. Different stakeholders, including national and regional governments, farmers’ organizations and tourists and their organisations, try to preserve historic mountain landscapes for reasons of aesthetics, leisure, biodiversity and rural society.

The present situation is quite varied. Some mountain regions are rather successful, often by combining agriculture with rural tourism and by supplying high-quality products (slow food) to regional or even international markets. Other mountain areas find it increasingly difficult to maintain agricultural ways of life and a viable population density.

In this session we want to look at different strategies, in particular connected to agriculture, which European mountain regions are developing to preserve mountain landscapes by finding new economic bases.

The session is organized by Alexandra Kruse, Csaba Centeri, Hans Renes, Maurizia Sigura & Jana Špuleróva, all from EUCALAND (European Culture Expressed in Agricultural Landscapes), an expert network that deals with the cultural and agricultural landscapes of Europe, promoting their consideration and use and preserving their cultural heritage. Following the successful special sessions at the PECSRL Conferences 2008 in Óbidos, 2010 in Riga/Liepaja, 2012 in Leeuwarden and 2014 in Gothenburg, we would like to focus this time on the interaction between different land users: energy producers, landscape planners, managers including farmers, tourists and the general public.

Key topics to be discussed: 1) Current discourse and practice in terms of the demand for multiple use of resources, pluri-activity on farms and participative processes in land management to preserve mountain landscape 2) What are the challenges and the way forward to build upon synergies?

Presentations:

Dobrovodská, Marta & Špuleróva, Jana:
Developing strategy for maintenance of traditional agricultural landscapes in Slovakia (the case studies of mountain landscape in Slovakia)

Ferrario, Viviana:
Challenges in preserving relicts of “coltura promiscua” in some Italian Pre-Alpine valleys

Hueso, Katia & Carrasco, Jesús:
Solar salt making sites in the mountains of Spain. Challenges and opportunities for rural development

Kruse, Alexandra & Paulowitz, Bernd:
UNESCO World Heritage as an Opportuities for mountain landscape – a trigger for developpment – not only in the alps

Michelin, Yves & Montoloy, Christine:
Shaping volcanic lanscapes by sheep in a World Heritage context: some reflexions about new management methods based on the adaptation of traditional

Renes, Johannes:
The interconnection of mountain and lowland landscapes in historical perspective

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